“On the other hand, there is an institution like the national team Colombia Es Pasión, now 472-Colombia, which has funded its own biological passport programme since September 2008, at great expense, not least because the UCI could provide no infrastructure whatsoever in South America. Colombia Es Pasión were also pioneers in introducing a no needles policy, too.”
Henao came up through the Colombia Es Pasión team.
“On 6 March this year, after much lobbying, 472-Colombia was joined by two other Colombian teams, Orgullo Antioqueño and GW, who sign a pact called ‘Por un ciclismo ético,’ part-internal testing, part agreement à la Movement for an Ethical Cycling. In future, more national teams may join the pact.
“So, in some respects, Colombian anti-doping is playing catch-up, due to a lack of structures and, of course, limited funding. And we have to admit that OOC testing in the developed world seems to have been going backwards over recent years.”